Billy Burch

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Billy Burch
Hockey Hall of Fame, 1974
Born (1900-11-20)November 20, 1900
Yonkers, New York, U.S.
Died November 30, 1950(1950-11-30) (aged 50)
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Height 6 ft 0 in (183 cm)
Weight 200 lb (91 kg; 14 st 4 lb)
Position Centre
Shot Left
Played for Hamilton Tigers
New York Americans
Boston Bruins
Chicago Black Hawks
Playing career 1922–1933

Harry Wilfred Burch (November 20, 1900 – November 30, 1950) was an American-born, Canadian professional ice hockey forward who played in the National Hockey League (NHL) for the Hamilton Tigers, New York Americans, Chicago Black Hawks, and Boston Bruins. Born in Yonkers, New York, Burch grew up in Toronto and scored 42 goals in 12 Memorial Cup playoff games to lead the Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers to the 1920 Canadian junior championship.

Burch won the Hart Trophy as the NHL's most valuable player in 1924–25. In that same season, he joined his teammates in precipitating the first player's strike in NHL history and which led to the dissolution of the Hamilton franchise. Transferring to the newly formed New York franchise, Burch served as the team's captain, scored the first goal in Americans' history in 1925 and won the Lady Byng Trophy in 1926–27 as the NHL's most gentlemanly player. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974.

Early life[edit]

Burch was born on November 20, 1900, in Yonkers, New York, but moved to Toronto at a young age and grew up in the Ontario capital as a multi-sport athlete playing lacrosse, football and hockey.[1] In football, Burch played quarterback for the Toronto Central YMCA team that won the provincial junior championship in 1920.[2] That same year he was a teammate of Lionel Conacher and Roy Worters with the Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers hockey team which won the 1920 Memorial Cup as the Dominion champions of Canada.[1] Burch led all players in the Memorial Cup playoffs with 42 goals, 12 assists and 54 points in 12 games.[2] He spent the following two seasons with the Toronto Aura Lee team in the Ontario Hockey Association.[3]

NHL career[edit]

After beginning the 1922–23 season with the New Haven Westminsters in the United States Amateur Hockey Association, Burch was signed to a contract by the Hamilton Tigers on January 30, 1923.[3] He joined a Tigers team that was last in the four-team NHL,[4] but which improved as he did. After scoring six goals in ten games to finish that season,[5] Burch finished in a tie for third in NHL scoring in 1923–24 with 22 points.[4] The Tigers finished 1924–25 as the regular season champions with a 19–10–1 record,[4] and Burch was voted the winner of the Hart Trophy as the league's most valuable player following a 20-goal regular season.[6]

The NHL had expanded by two teams that season and the schedule increased from 24 to 30 games, however Burch and his teammates were not paid any extra compensation by the Tigers.[7] In protest, the players demanded that the team and league pay each individual $200 for the additional regular season and playoff games, or they would refuse to play the NHL championship series.[8] After defying an order by league president Frank Calder to play, the team was disqualified and the Montreal Canadiens, who won the semi-final series, were declared league champions.[7] The Tigers' actions constituted the first player's strike in NHL history.[9] The Tigers franchise was sold and relocated for the 1925–26 season.[10]

The franchise became the New York Americans, and Burch was named the team's captain, a position he would hold until 1932.[2] The team played up his New York birth; he was dubbed both "Yonkers Billy Burch" and "the Babe Ruth of hockey".[11] Burch scored the first goal in Americans' franchise history on December 2, 1925, in a 2–1 victory over the Pittsburgh Pirates,[2] and finished the season eighth in league scoring with 25 points. He again finished eighth in scoring, with 27 points, in 1926–27,[4] and was voted the winner of the Lady Byng Trophy, awarded for his "effectiveness and a true sporting spirit".[12]

Following a last-place finish in the Canadian Division,[4] the Americans revamped their roster for the 1928–29 season. Of the team's regulars the past season, only Burch and Lionel Conacher were retained.[13] Burch scored 11 goals and 16 points for New York and played the only two playoff games of his NHL career after the team improved to a second-place finish.[4][5] He scored only 10 points in 1929–30 before improving to 22 points in each of the following two campaigns.[3] Approaching the end of his career, Burch was sold by New York to the Boston Bruins prior to the 1932–33 season.[3] However, he did not see much playing time in Boston in the first part of the season and on January 17, 1933, was traded to the Chicago Black Hawks in exchange for Vic Ripley.[14] Burch suffered a broken leg at the end of the season which spelled the end of his playing career. Burch was the last active NHL player who had played with the Hamilton Tigers.[15]

Burch retired to Toronto, where he died in 1950.[1] Montreal Gazette sportswriter Tommy Shields praised Burch as a quality NHL player: "He broke in and played in the days when the going was rough and a player had to be good to stick. If you didn't make it, there was no going back to the amateur ranks. Billy turned pro and never looked back. He was a major leaguer all the way."[2] He was posthumously inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1974.[2]

Career statistics[edit]

Regular season and playoffs[edit]

Regular season Playoffs
Season Team League GP G A Pts PIM GP G A Pts PIM
1919–20 Toronto Canoe Club Paddlers OHA Jr. 12 42 12 54
1920–21 Toronto Aura Lee OHA Sr. 10 12 2 14
1921–22 Toronto Aura Lee OHA Jr. 9 13 10 23 2 2 1 3
1922–23 New Haven Westminsters USAHA 4 0 4
1922–23 Hamilton Tigers NHL 10 6 3 9 4
1923–24 Hamilton Tigers NHL 24 16 6 22 6
1924–25 Hamilton Tigers NHL 27 20 7 27 10
1925–26 New York Americans NHL 36 22 3 25 33
1926–27 New York Americans NHL 43 19 8 27 40
1927–28 New York Americans NHL 32 10 2 12 34
1928–29 New York Americans NHL 44 11 5 16 45 2 0 0 0 0
1929–30 New York Americans NHL 35 7 3 10 22
1930–31 New York Americans NHL 44 14 8 22 35
1931–32 New York Americans NHL 48 7 15 22 20
1932–33 Boston Bruins NHL 23 3 1 4 4
1932–33 Chicago Black Hawks NHL 24 2 0 2 2
NHL totals 390 137 61 198 255 2 0 0 0 0

Awards and honours[edit]

National Hockey League
Award Year Ref.
Hart Trophy 1924–25 [3]
Lady Byng Trophy 1926–27 [3]


  • Career statistics: "Billy Burch player card". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  1. ^ a b c Podnieks, Andrew (2003). Players: The ultimate A–Z guide of everyone who has ever played in the NHL. Toronto: Doubleday Canada. pp. 108–109. ISBN 0-385-25999-9.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Duplacey, James; Zweig, Eric (2010). Official Guide to the Players of the Hockey Hall of Fame. Firefly Books. p. 77. ISBN 978-1-55407-662-8.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Billy Burch statistics". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Diamond, Dan; et al., eds. (2013). 2013–14 National Hockey League Guide and Record Book. Diamond Sports Data, Inc. p. 152.
  5. ^ a b "Billy Burch player card". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  6. ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy Winner – Billy Burch". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  7. ^ a b McFarlane, Brian (1990). 100 Years of Hockey. Summerhill Press. pp. 20–21. ISBN 0-929091-26-4.
  8. ^ "Ottawa may take Hamilton's place in the N.H.L. finals". Montreal Gazette. 1925-03-13. p. 16. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  9. ^ Duplacey, James (February 2008). Hockey's Book of Firsts. JG Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-1-57215-037-9.
  10. ^ "Tex Rickard gets Hamilton N.H.L. team". Ottawa Citizen. 1925-09-23. p. 1. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  11. ^ "Billy Burch biography". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  12. ^ "Gardiner is most useful hockey star". Pittsburgh Press. 1927-03-27. p. S1. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  13. ^ "Conacher-Burch nucleus of team". Montreal Gazette. 1928-09-08. p. 46. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  14. ^ "Burch for Ripley". Montreal Gazette. 1933-01-18. p. 15. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  15. ^ Shields, Tommy (1950-12-01). "'Round and about". Ottawa Citizen. p. 26. Retrieved 2014-01-11.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Position created
New York Americans captain
Succeeded by
Preceded by Winner of the Hart Trophy
Succeeded by
Preceded by Winner of the Lady Byng Memorial Trophy
Succeeded by